The American Electoral College purpose is to select a presidential candidate. The most popular vote does not technically elect the president but the electors in the Electoral College vote for their respective states wishes.
Electoral College elects the President and the Vice President of America. The Electoral College is the electors from each State and it comes together every four years to select the President and the Vice President of America.
Even the selection of a President and the Vice President has its pros and cons. Lets take a closer look at some of the pros and cons of Electoral College.
Pros of the Electoral College
Here is a list of the advantages of Electoral College
Cons of the Electoral College
Here is a list of the disadvantages of Electoral College
Electoral College puts focus on swing states and allows them to get massive attention by the presidential candidates.
Less populated states votes count, bigger states like NY, TX, and CA don’t decide all of the elections. The Electoral College helps even the unfairness created by these mega-populated areas.
If there were no electoral college, states with small populations wouldn’t count.
The Electoral College was created because the smaller states like Delaware and Rhode Island protested that the larger states like California, Pennsylvania and Virginia would have more say in the Presidential election than they would if done by popular vote only.
If enough small states can work together, they can counter the electoral votes of the big states. Those small states together with medium states can definitely create a balance against a bigger state.
It is an American tradition and it is constitutionally required to exist, so therefore it should remain in place.
Electoral College can reduce the likelihood of recounts. If the election is a closely fought one, it is easier to recount. In such a condition, only one large State votes can be recounted, instead of the votes of the entire nation.
The Electoral College was in part design to force the candidates to appeal to a broad range of people in many states large, medium and small. If we did away with this system, the candidates would be able to focus on getting votes in several large cities. They might ignore less populated portion of the country.
The Electoral College makes sure that a candidate, who has broadly appeal based on larger geography of the country and makes the candidate to the highest offices in the country.
People do not get to decide who the president is, a small group of electors does.
The winner of the popular vote may not win the presidency (ie: need 270 electoral votes). For example, the 2000 US election, the results will not necessarily be in line with the “popular” vote. Gore won the popular vote, but lost the Electoral College.
Bush: 271 electoral votes and 47.9%
Leaves certain states in the dark because their outcome is all but assured.
Almost all Americans do think that democracy is one person, one vote, all votes count equally. The Electoral College violates that principle.
Electoral College may restrain voter turnout, that there are “x” percentage of people who do not participate in elections because they know that their vote will not matter in terms of presidential elections.
A winner take all system make it extremely difficult for any third party candidate to make any headway in presidential elections.